In the present study, the characteristics of interventions aiming to prevent school violence and bullying are to be presented, as well as the learning points of research carried out in connection with their effectiveness. Since school violence and bullying have continuously been on the agenda, the paper analyses international research investigating the efficiency of programs for preventing and reducing violence, and their adaptability to the school environment. As a starting point, the concepts of violence and bullying are defined, and then the key aspects are discussed, which need to be considered during the elaboration of such programs. It is underlined that although in relation to violence, attention used to be focused on the individual (child, pupil), today, several researchers see the school as an important setting, where this phenomenon can be investigated and interventions aiming violence prevention can be successful. They tend to emphasize that during the process lasting from planning through implementation to evaluation, perceptions and interests of stakeholders need to be taken into consideration. Research results also indicate that the treatment of pupils should be devoted special attention, not to do harm to victims of abuse, but to safely reach people and groups who are concerned by violence by any means. Getting to know violence and bullying prevention programs and works analysing these interventions can assist professionals to appropriately design, introduce and evaluate programs on the local level.
Keywords: school violence, school bullying, intervention programsDownload...