Within the broad field of disability studies, this paper specifically focuses on the enablers and barriers, students with disabilities face in access to higher education. The paper showcases the Scottish consultation regarding fitness to practice and access to higher education which is substantially different from many practices. The consultation has a special significance because it can be interpreted as a paradigm shift in the practice of providing access for people with disabilities to higher education. The main difference in the Scottish consultation that fitness to practice has been considered as a social barrier in access to higher education. The investigation of fitness to practice focused on the disability equality duties, questioning if it does discriminate against people with disabilities. This paper presents the main elements of the Scottish consultation, including the antecedent of the statutory changes (what has generated the legislative changes) and briefly summarizes the changes of the legislation. The paper includes a brief overview of the Hungarian literature where similar dilemmas have been raised. As a conclusion, the Scottish approach to access to higher education essentially can be interpreted which follows the human-rights based approach to disability, and fundamentally different from the practice commonly used today in most countries, where determination of fitness to practice is essentially based on medical, health-based information (medical model of disability).
Key words: access to higher education, students with disabilities, fitness to practiceDownload...