: Grade 5 and grade 6 students’ knowledge of national symbols – results of a computer-based assessment

Developing students’ national identity is a developmental goal in school curricula, however we have scarce in-
formation about students’ national identity. Our study aimed to assess their test performance related to na –
tional symbols, knowledge associated with national identity. National symbols are parts of the national cul-
ture, they are persons, events, places and artworks appearing in historical narratives. We gathered national
symbols form school curricula through several steps and used them to develop a test. Our results showed that
the test proved reliable, students achieved 64.78% on average. Older students performed better, no gender
differences were found. Pupils’ strength of national identity was also assessed. Grade 6 students showed had
weaker identification, no gender differences were found. The connection between test performance and the
strength of identification was also investigated. There is significant connection between the variables, but the
correlation coefficients are low. Test performance is related to students’ satisfaction with their school perfor-
mance indicating that the test assessed knowledge appearing in the curricula. We used computer-based as-
sessment and gathered data about pupils’ test behaviour. No connection was found between test perfor-
mance and time on test, however time is significantly correlated with the general liking of school. This out –
come confirms that time is rather influenced by attitudes then students’ knowledge. Our study is the first step
to investigate the role of school in the process of national identity development.

Key words: elementary school, knowledge assessment, citizenship competence, national identity, com-
puter-based assessment

Year: 2018
Issue: 3
Page: 34-53
Oct 2018
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