: Opinions on school gambling. A disciplinary hearing at the end of the nineteenth century

The subject of the present paper is school discipline as represented from the perspective of the history of pedagogy, by describing an actual case of disciplinary misconduct taken place in 1899 at the Hungarian Royal State College of the 1st district. The students who were found to have misconducted went regularly to coffee houses and gambled, which qualified as a serious offence, thus, did not pass without consequences. The aim of the paper is to reveal the events leading to the disciplinary misconduct and the procedure following it, as well as describing the practical features of the moral education taking place in the given institution, put in a broad context pedagogical and cultural history. During case analysis, document analysis serves as my surveillance method; then I use different types of quality analysis (descriptive and interpreting analysis) to process the available sources; I reconstruct the history of the evolution and the elimination of school gambling. The case study illustrates that the aims and actions of school criminal procedures reflect those of the effective social regulative mechanisms. The primary goal of a school disciplinary procedure is correction, the alteration of student behavior, rather than punishment or retaliation. The penalties focus on the possibilities of controlling the students as well as preventing the reccurrence of future offenses. The disciplinary regulations urging the establishment of permanent monitoring and the peculiarities of the disciplinary procedure can be paralleled with the aims and actions of the modern discipline and punishment described by Foucault.

Keywords: discipline, punishment, teacher’s role interpretation, family image

Year: 2018
Issue: 4
Page: 95-113
Dec 2018
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