The role of local governments in sport has already been emphasized by the European Sports Charta in 1992. They play a significant role in the local sports activity in each country, and this activity is usually planned on the base of surveys and analysis, and it is drawn up in a strategy. In this research we studied the Dutch sports system and the sport strategy of a Dutch town, Leusden. We compared it to eight Hungarian local governments’ sport strategies, and focused on four viewpoints: if these documents contain programs and action plans in general; if they were based on local surveys; whether they deal with top sport activity and if they have ideas about the sport of the disadvantaged communities. We found that the strategies usually deal a lot with top sport, also with the sport of the disabled, but not at all with the poorer people’s sport. There are no local surveys behind them, and they usually specify some actions.
Key words: local governments, sports strategy, sports administration, sports financicing
It seems to be a “health paradox” that people start to worry about their health only when it becomes disturbed. Health nowadays is quite claptrap with many different meanings, still only a few people lives with health-consciousness and cares about their health. In this article we analyse the term “health”, its components and complex approaches, and explore the opportunities of health promotion. Our approach is based on Engel’s bio-psycho-social theory accepting the fact that health is compound and multidimensional. We may resolve the paradox by recognising that factors comprising health are elements of our life-style, and that shaping a health-conscious life style is the responsibility of each individual. It seems a major task of all levels of education to stress and to help forming this. Higher education has an excess role since educated people and especially teachers should serve as good examples and have to promote health education. A recent TÁMOP project has explored the relationship between higher education and health promotion and has provided recommendations for improving health-conscious higher education.
Keywords: health, health promotion, health-conscious education, life-style, higher education
In higher education it is essential to consider the learning habits of the current student population and meet their needs accordingly. Since 2012 we have been researching the changes in the students’ achievements in ’Warm up and conditioning’ resulting from the introduction of a learning support system matched to the needs of the Y generation. In the 2012/13 academic year the test results of the full time students improved significantly due to the manifold application of the co-operative techniques. Students’ participation in the lessons became more active, they displayed more awareness and responsibility. In the 2013/14 academic year we started to use films to support the movement learning in general, and the content learning and assessment in particular. As a result of this the results of the part time students improved significantly. Since 2013 we have been using the Moodle learning platform for communication with the students where we created a practice activity bank in the 2014/15 academic year. This makes it possible for students to practice hundreds of activities in ’Warm up and conditioning’ and especially in the exam period they do tens of thousands of activities in Moodle. With the help of the question bank online testing is available, which gives immediate feedback to students right after they have written their mid-term tests. All of the learning support elements of the action research had a positive effect on the effectiveness of the learning process. We are planning to better exploit the continuous peer interaction which is a characteristic feature of the Y generation.
Keywords: action research, video-supported learning, digital learning support, sports training courses
The question of sport and education or sport and carrier is always important for young people. Several research has been carried out in this topic in recent years. The European Union looks at the dual carrier subject as high priority importance. This study introduces those programs, which support the best young professional sports people in Hungary. Sport schools and Academies provide opportunities for realising the duality of sport and education during elementary and secondary schools. In Hungary, this age group is supported by Herakles program. The central budget provides considerable support for sports schools program and Herakles program. The duality of education and sport is supported on school level, local government level and national level as well by “Good student – Good sports people” bonus. In higher education, there are two main central promotions: “Hungarian Sports Stars Grant Program” and “Olympic Athletes Lifeline Program”. At the end of this study we introduce a few good practice which promote recreational and professional sport in higher education.
Keywords: dual career, sport support, education and sport, recreation in higher education, professional sport in higher education
The aim of the research is to reveal the hidden dimensions of attitudes towards disability with projective drawing tests. Encountering with someone with disability can be an overwhelming experience in which a wide range of intrapersonal conflict can be present. Thus, it is difficult to express these encounters with verbal narratives, especially, because expressing negative feelings and thoughts about disability are against the social norms and rules. Authors studied 116 drawings: they asked different professionals and examined the emerging patterns in the light of related literature. There were different categories established according to the personal engagement of the author of the drawing from the schematic stick-figure to the complex and symbolic narratives. The authors identified many signs associated with different stereotypes of disability, such as social isolation, subordinated, childlike or equal social status, roblem-centered or person- centered approach. Because of the complexity and different layers of a drawing the narrative of the author is necessary to understand the picture. The main benefit of this test for educators and researchers is to providing opportunity to express someone’s attitude towards disability in its complexity and helps to reveal and verbalize hidden or difficult narratives as well.
Key words: projective drawing test, attitude measurement, disability, disability awareness
Within the broad field of disability studies, this paper specifically focuses on the enablers and barriers, students with disabilities face in access to higher education. The paper showcases the Scottish consultation regarding fitness to practice and access to higher education which is substantially different from many practices. The consultation has a special significance because it can be interpreted as a paradigm shift in the practice of providing access for people with disabilities to higher education. The main difference in the Scottish consultation that fitness to practice has been considered as a social barrier in access to higher education. The investigation of fitness to practice focused on the disability equality duties, questioning if it does discriminate against people with disabilities. This paper presents the main elements of the Scottish consultation, including the antecedent of the statutory changes (what has generated the legislative changes) and briefly summarizes the changes of the legislation. The paper includes a brief overview of the Hungarian literature where similar dilemmas have been raised. As a conclusion, the Scottish approach to access to higher education essentially can be interpreted which follows the human-rights based approach to disability, and fundamentally different from the practice commonly used today in most countries, where determination of fitness to practice is essentially based on medical, health-based information (medical model of disability).
Key words: access to higher education, students with disabilities, fitness to practice
This paper is based on the first education innovation survey conducted in autumn 2016 in the framework of the “Innova” research project. The data collection covered all subsystems of the education system. Data have been collected on theinnovation activities of 4853 education unites (including 4241 K-12 institutions, 513 departments of higher education institutions and 99 market oriented training providers). The first part of the paper (Neveléstudomány 2017. 4. szám) discusses some issues related with the definition and the measurement of educational innovation. The second part presents the Innova research project, including the survey tool and one of the composite innovation indicators used to measure the innovation capacities and activities of education units. On the basis of the data collected the third part displays some key features of innovation processes in the Hungarian education system and present analyses of factors influencing these processes. The analysis covers all subsystems of the education sector.
Keywords: Innovation, educational innovation, innovation survey, measuring innovation, educational development, Innova research
This paper, focusing on the emergence and diffusion of local level pedagogical innovations, displays and analyses the innovation activities of a particularly dynamic and knowledge intensive Hungarian basic school (ISCED 1, 2). The analysis is based on an intensive qualitative study conducted in the framework of the “Innova research project” implemented by ELTE University, Budapest. The case study reviews about twenty years of innovative actions of the analysed institution, and presents a wide range of local innovations: from those stimulated by external influences to those based on purely internal motivation; from those proved to be successful to those failing in the longer term; and from those remaining isolated to those spreading widely in the institution. The study examines the innovation activity of the school using an analytical framework applied originally to describe the life of specific innovations: it presents, among others, typical conflict and problem situations at various phases of innovation processes, such as the gestation of ideas, planning, proliferation, set-backs, adoption and termination.
Keywords: Innova research project, educational innovation, case study, emergence of innovations, diffusion of innovations, local level innovations
The study offers a domestic innovation for the methodology of the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (PED-QCA). It highlights, that the test structure provided by the QCA offers a possibility for a selection free optimization, that might be able to open new possibilities to understand the pedagogic reality. This process might be assisted by PED-QCA which is based on the functional principles of the crisp-set QCA (csQCA) and could open possibilities for the pedagogical interpretation of the more adequate fuzzy set QCA (fsQCA) methodology.
Keywords: PED-QCA, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, software-developing