In this study, I attempt to analyze the little boy depictions of Béla Czóbel by the method of childhood iconography and try to explore the motifs and typical patterns of history of ideas and child ideas of the relevant paintings. Czóbel (as the „outsider” member of the Eight) was influenced by the socialist and leftish movements and the new views and conceptions about people and child of life reform, therefore one can start the analysis by the conceptions of reform pedagogy, child, child’s study movement and life reform, similarly to my previous study in the Neveléstudomány. The present analysis reveals that the figure of the little boy in Czóbel’s paintings represents the „child messiah” topos from the rhetoric of reform pedagogy, who promises to return to the natural state of origin for people who are burdened by life frames of the civic way of life.
Keywords: iconography, history of childhood, The Eight, Béla Czóbel
In our research, we analyzed the pedagogical programs of Hungarian football academies. In our study, we intended to reveal the pedagogical aspects surrounding the students of football academies. Our previous research revealed that this is an unexplored scientific area, and also considered to be of secondary importance by academies, so its relevance is unquestionable. By document analysis, our research aims were to analyze comparatively the formal and content marks of the pedagogical programs of the academies and to refute or reinforce the experiences gained during the semi-structured interviews with the leaders of the pedagogical and social departments of the academies. Our research revealed that the pedagogical programs of each of the football academies are highly heterogeneous both in form and content, so there is hardly any unity between them. Based on the results of the interview analysis, each of the investigated academies has an educational and social department, several professionals are members of this apparatus, but the interviews confirmed the results of the document analysis. The academies almost always write their pedagogical programs autonomously. It can be an obstacle to strengthen cooperation between the institutions and to foster the unity or the development of quality of the pedagogical work and its professional documentation.
Keywords: football academies, pedagogical program, document analyses, interviews
Our study aimed to explore the institutional environmental factors of the sporting life of some higher education institutions in the Carpathian Basin. In our study, the main research questions were the following: How do the models of institutional effect appear in the field of sports in the examined higher education institutions? Which factors can influence the sports habits of students? International models were used to understand the factors of institutional effect in higher education sports. The study intended to reveal and identify these indicators of the institutional effects and see how they work in the leisure-time and competitive sport of some institutions of higher education in the Carpathian Basin. The relevance of examining students sporting habits and their determinants is supported by the fact that since the time spent in higher education is the last chance for students for practicing any sport activity in an organized manner (Pfau, 2014). Our research conducted structured interviews with physical education teachers and sport leaders in Eastern Hungary (5 interviews), as well as in Upper Hungary (1), Transcarpathia (3), Vojvodina (1), Transylvania (3) and Partium (2 interviews), particularly in higher education institutions comprising minority Hungarians or in those in which a large number of Hungarian students study abroad. The investigated institutions were classified into four types based on their relationship to sport and the role of sport and physical education in the life of the university/college: (1) competition-oriented, (2) community-building through sport, (3) physical education-focused, and (4) physical education-minimizing institutions. In our study, we present the sports and constructed environment of the institutions, their organizational and infrastructural background, and the role of teachers.
Keywords: sports habits, higher education, institutional backgrounds
Several international studies showed the importance of athletic identity among athletes since it may indirectly influence adolescent mental and physical development. There are only a few studies investigating athlete’s identity in Hungary, therefore our goal was to explore the relationships between athletic identity with sociodemographics, sport participation and sport commitment. Participants were 344 adolescent athletes with the age of 16.6 and they completed questionnaires about sociodemographics, sport participation athletic identity and sport commitment. Independent sample t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression analysis were used to analyze our data. In our results, we found that the level of athletic identity differed according to gender, school type, level of competition, and depends on age, time in sport, and the amount of training. Our regression analysis showed that sport commitment had a great role in athletic identity. The Personal Investment – quantity and Enthusiastic Commitment had the greatest impact on the athlete’s identity. Valuable Opportunities, Desire to – Excel – social, Constrained Commitment and Social Support – emotional had a positive significant connection with identity as well. Interestingly, Sport Enjoyment, Desire to Excel – mastery had negative effects on athletic identity, while previous studies highlighted their positive impact on physical activity. We might conclude that, besides internal motivation social impact and constrained reasons of sport participation could influence the athletic identity.
Keywords: athletic identity, sport commitment, adolescent, regression
A tanulmány a szakmai tanulás és szakmai fejlődés különböző koncepcióit vizsgálja, és célja, hogy szemléltesse azok fontosságát a tanári professzió, illetve a professzionalizáció fejlődéséhez kapcsolódóan. Jelen kutatás a narratív irodalmi áttekintés módszerét alkalmazza. A tanulmány feltárja, hogy a tanári professzió alakulásának követése meghatározó egyrészt a professzionalizáció, másrészt a tanárok szakmai fejlődését támogató programok szempontjából is. A tanulmányban bemutatott szakirodalmi kutatás eredményei hozzájárulnak a szakmai tanulás és fejlődés elméleti megközelítéseinek mélyebb megértéséhez, ezáltal segítik a két fogalom elkülönítését, a szakmai tanulás támogatását a tanuló közösségek és munkahelyi programok segítségével. Végezetül, a kutatás kitér az eredményes szakmai tanulás és fejlődés sajátosságainak értelmezésére is.
Kulcsszavak: szakmai fejlődés, szakmai tanulás, tanári szakmaiság, szakmai tanulóközösségek, munkahelyi tanulás
In my paper I attempt to analyse child (little girl) depictions of Béla Czóbel as one of the members of the Eights, and I try to explore the ideological, cultural and historical effects on these works of art, endeavoring to map the progressive childhood-rethoric phrases and topoi of this era, starting from the social and spiritual sciences influencing the Eights deeply. The background of aesthetic considerations of Czóbel I found social attitudes and people views which oppose the social conventions, consequently I can connect viewpoints of composition and style analysis with aspects of analysis of child ideas, starting from the structure of the Panofsky model. In my paper I try to answer the question how child ideas appear, regarding the reflections for civic education.
Keywords: Iconography, History of Childhood, The Eight, Béla Czóbel
The present study examines the conceptual features of the contemporary chapters of the Hóman history textbook series, those that refer to the so called ‘wishful thinking’ deviated from the reality of the power elite of the Horthy era. The study primarily aims to enrich the research results of textbook history writing, but at the same time it puts some historical works on the subject of analysis. These works are mainly aimed at the foreign policy public thinking of the power elite and at outlining the ideas of the great powers, especially the German Empire, about Hungary.
Keywords: history textbooks, textbook historiography, textbook series from Hóman
Applying gamification in education is an adaptation of a marketing strategy. In a gamified (educational) process, a bigger goal is set, which is divided into smaller steps to reach. The aim at each step is to keep the participants in the process by using smaller incentives in a way that at a certain point or by a certain deadline the participants fulfil a requirement or act for a desired reward. The aim of this adaptation and continuous modernisation of the gamification strategy is to establish a motivated and proactive student attitude. Using this strategy, students can effectively plan, prepare and implement their actions and learning processes that are necessary to reach their goals. The aim of this study – based on national and international research – is to highlight the elements, methods and motifs of gamified teaching, and to show how gamified teaching plays an important role in reaching inner motivation (gamification 2.0) through outer motivation. In light of recent research, this study backs up the following definition of gamified teaching suggested by the authors: applying gamification in teaching is a motivating method that ensures transparent progression and development. It provides great freedom to find variable and expanded learning frames, and also to evaluate them; at the same time, it builds on the learning controlling role of the social factor. Its predominant aim is to encourage autonomous, self-controlling learning, to teach students to be responsible for their own learning by finding inner motivation and experiencing the flow.
Keywords: gamification, motivation, autonomous, proactive students
This theoretical paper presents the notion and structure of abduction in qualitative research by focusing on qualitative content analysis. It argues that in social research, abduction can be seen as a creative process that appears as an alternative to the dichotomy of inductive and deductive methods, and it also points out that abductive conclusions cannot be based upon formal logic. The paper stresses the elements of deductive and inductive ways of setting up categories / codes in qualitative content analysis. It also reflects on the role of abduction for the creation of a code map during qualitative content analysis. The paper stresses that abduction is not a method of collecting and evaluating data, but a form of thinking that is present in every research.
Keywords: abduction, qualitative content analysis, category, code map