From School Pedagogy to Educational Research – The Transformation of the Hungarian Research Community
Practical education (‘school pedagogy’) and educational research (‘educational sciences’) are undeﬁned concepts in the relevant Hungarian discourse today. The reason for this is that practitioners and researchers may usually be the same persons; educational research has not been separated in Hungary. It has a long history in the Hungarian educational tradition. Research and teaching were always parts of ‘pedagogy’, where ‘pedagogy’ served as an ideology of the teaching profession. In our modern times, especially after joining the EU, three identiﬁcation emerged from the initial ‘pedagogy’: research with psychological, historico-philosophical and social science orientations. Diﬀerent groups of researchers identify themselves with those orientations, thus creating three paradigms of the educational research in Hungary.