Qualifications framework is a policy tool recommended by the European Union to ensure the transparency and permeability of qualifications. By building on learning outcomes and the inclusion of social stakeholders, the framework endeavours to make the qualifications of different Member State comparable for all educational subsectors. Showing the content of qualifications and thereby supporting mobility aim at better communication between the qualifications systems of the MSs, but there is another aspect of communication: namely, how EU institutions make MSs act (not obligatory) according to the Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the development of a qualifications framework. The author of this paper analyses and evaluates those EU measures and procedures, which result in MSs following the direction set by the Recommendation, finally implementing a qualifications framework.
Keywords: qualifications system, qualifications framework, EU education policy, mobility, lifelong learning
This study serves as an introduction and preparatory study of a larger scale research. The aim of this paper is to present a lessknown field of pedagogy, hospital pedagogy, being approached from different aspects. Another aim of this work is to reveal its context in Hungary. After examining its current legal, institutional and constitutional aspects, the study focuses on the participants (hospital pedagogues, pupils and the most involved persons) and the special characteristics of the educational process. Then hospital pedagogy is examined as a branch of science, and the relation between hospital and special education is discussed. Finally, the study features the dilemmas of the planned research.
Keywords: hospital pedagogy, hospital pedagogues, hospital, school, Hungary, special education
We may often run across the conception or metaphore of art as education and education as art. I’m going to express my personal interdisciplinary train of thought about this topic through the linking sources and phenomena that I know. I am looking to answer the question regarding to what extent the relation between art and education is metaphoric or identical, and what are the common traits that constitute the basis of these similarities. The art as education evoke and analize the theories of Herbert Read, László Trencsényi, Anikó Illés, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Susan Sontag, Joseph Beuys, Miklós Erdélyi and Árpád Schilling, and raise the question whether all art educates, and if so, in what sense. In the part “education as art”, in addition to the reﬂections connected to the topic of Rudolf Steiner, Tamás Vekerdy and István Bodóczky, we are also going to talk about the question of “presence”, the main characteristics of what will be outlined by the help ofKatalin Gabnai, László Németh, Carl Rogers, Juli Pusztai and Marina Abramovic. From all this we may summarize that one of the most important common traits of art and education is the creative and intuitive presence, the accessibility, the creative work in a personal way. We may ﬁnd the common roots of education and art in the theory of D. W. Winnicot, which is about transitional (potential) space and transitional object. This theory also gives a common frame of interpretation to the link betveen these two anthropological phenomenon.
Keywords: education, art, social sculpture, potential or transitional space, transitional object, presence
Service-learning is a pedagogical tool, and this is exactly what differentiates it from voluntary and community services. During service-learning the action for others, for the (local) community is integrated in the pedagogical process, which has a learning aim, a methodology and an educational background. Service-learning has become a compulsory element of the pedagogical programme of Hungarian secondary schools; it is regulated by law and serves a prerequisite for the national school-leaving examination (matriculation). Obviously, this raises several educational, professional and practical issues. Answers to these problems can be searched for and found only in the years to come, but American and previous Hungarian practices, methodology and present dilemmas can be analysed and addressed now. This is the purpose for which this study has been undertaken.
Keywords: service-learning, experiential learning, John Dewey, reflection, democratic skills
The current paper explores the relationship between general music education characterized by the use of perceptual and receptive approaches and school music education, which is mainly based on the traditions of music training and involves a predominately scientific approach. By analysing the problems caused by the inconsistent choice of aims and instruments of the above mentioned territories, the paper provides an overview of the history of concert-pedagogy, presents various conceptions on audience development – and on concert-pedagogy itself, which can be defined as the development of the receptive skills. Finally, the paper discusses the possible forms and organizational frameworks of the cooperation between educational and cultural institutions. The main issues raised by this article are the need for cooperation between schools and cultural services, as well as the importance of a paradigm shift in the approach to school music education. The author advocates the emergence of the concert-pedagogical attitude in schools, and the development of music teacher training in this particular field.
Keywords: music education (concert-pedagogy), development of receptive skills, music mediation, audience development, music experience, music education and training
More than a billion people are estimated to live with some form of disability. The number of people with disabilities is annually growing. There is a higher risk of disability in older age-groups as societies are aging at a rapid pace. There is also a global increase in chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and mental disorders, which all significantly influence the nature and prevalence of any resulting disability. Patterns of disability in a particular country are influenced by trends in health conditions, environmental and other factors. The condition of people living disabilities, meaning educational opportunities, presence on the labour market, social acceptance, and political activity, has changed substantially following the turn of the millennium. This can be attributed in part to the appearance and adoption of European currents in Hungary, but also to the wider and more pronounced social integration of the disabled, as well as to Hungarian and international legal regulations and diverse policy initiatives in this area. The latter entails initiatives in education, the labour market, civil society; additionally, the role of individuals, groups, as well as state/public initiatives aiming for the realization disability rights and goals should not be discounted either.
Keywords: disabilities, advantages, social integration, dividedness
In the last decades there was a paradigmatical shift in the writing on history of education, which leads to many consequences in the pedagogical investigations in Hungary. This multidirectional and non-homogenous trend can be characterized by the transition from the modern science- and world-conceptions to the postmodern ones. Traditionally, the history of education deals with the heritage of the great thinkers. In this viewpoint their thoughts and works constitute a linear development (with circuits), the development of the individuals’ more and more freedom. The common sense of the Western Civilisation describes complex socio-historical processes as progresses, intentioned by several goals (teleology), determines various periods (chronologization, organized time) and believes in the shaping power of history by great personalities (individualism). This paper tries to give an example to an another kind of history writing of education – to draw the everydays’ stories with the analysis of photographs in the 1960’s Hungary. The multidisciplinary methodology contains iconography, anthropology and different ways of historical writing – these diverse aspects help us to discover the worlds of pedagogy in different forms of spaces and times. In this case the symposiums, conferences and visitations signify the worlds of pedagogy.
Keywords: history of education, iconography, anthropology, photograph, narrative, educational journals
At the beginning of the 20 century, Hungary qualified as the citadel of gifted education in both its solutions and its results. It appears that today, in contrast, we may become the last disciples of an outdated approach. At the time when gifted education based on mechanic thinking appeared in international research, the outstanding teachers of Hungarian schools described individual attention, practical experience and sound judgment as the essential components in the development of talent. The practical result of this “outdated approach” was a number of Nobel prize-winning talents. There followed then a long break, when even the mention of gifted education was not allowed. In the eighties, as a result, we were a little late in joining in the international trend in the provision of gifted whose essence is the provision of talents identified through assessments. In the meantime, however, the international scientific approach of the 21st century to gifted appears to return to our own approach at the start of the 20th century. A number of research results have set off a scientific debate in Europe. Hungarian gifted education today should thus identify itself amidst conflicting views. The present study provides an overview of gifted education to this end.
Keywords: gifted, identification of the gifted, provision of gifted in Hungary, digital age (more…)
As part of the research aiming to explore the situation of German ethnic primary education both in the state education system and in schools, in the present study the author analyses the available statistical data from the school year 2010/2011. The database of the research was developed based on state education statistical data collection (KIRSTAT) conducted by the Ministry of National Resources. The data collected in previous 149 years are also presented as a comparison. First, an international outlook of minority policy is presented then Hungarian situation is described. The study discusses the changes in the number of participants in German ethnic education in comparison with the number of primary school students, the rate of primary school students taking part in German ethnic education according to educational programmes and the territorial distribution of institutions. An account of the situation of course books is also presented. Further research and better understanding is supported by the use of tables and charts.
Keywords: education, German ethnic primary education, state education, minority policy, educational programmes, financing, educator, school book
Recently new measurement methods have evolved to capture self-regulation as a process, providing valuable new information regarding self-regulatory processes. Shifting deﬁnitions of self-regulated learning have led to changing measurement methodologies, this article aims to present those innovative methods and recent research’s outcomes at international and national level too, which could aﬀect our understanding about the nature of self-regulated learning.