More than a billion people are estimated to live with some form of disability. The number of people with disabilities is annually growing. There is a higher risk of disability in older age-groups as societies are aging at a rapid pace. There is also a global increase in chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and mental disorders, which all significantly influence the nature and prevalence of any resulting disability. Patterns of disability in a particular country are influenced by trends in health conditions, environmental and other factors. The condition of people living disabilities, meaning educational opportunities, presence on the labour market, social acceptance, and political activity, has changed substantially following the turn of the millennium. This can be attributed in part to the appearance and adoption of European currents in Hungary, but also to the wider and more pronounced social integration of the disabled, as well as to Hungarian and international legal regulations and diverse policy initiatives in this area. The latter entails initiatives in education, the labour market, civil society; additionally, the role of individuals, groups, as well as state/public initiatives aiming for the realization disability rights and goals should not be discounted either.
Keywords: disabilities, advantages, social integration, dividedness
In the last decades there was a paradigmatical shift in the writing on history of education, which leads to many consequences in the pedagogical investigations in Hungary. This multidirectional and non-homogenous trend can be characterized by the transition from the modern science- and world-conceptions to the postmodern ones. Traditionally, the history of education deals with the heritage of the great thinkers. In this viewpoint their thoughts and works constitute a linear development (with circuits), the development of the individuals’ more and more freedom. The common sense of the Western Civilisation describes complex socio-historical processes as progresses, intentioned by several goals (teleology), determines various periods (chronologization, organized time) and believes in the shaping power of history by great personalities (individualism). This paper tries to give an example to an another kind of history writing of education – to draw the everydays’ stories with the analysis of photographs in the 1960’s Hungary. The multidisciplinary methodology contains iconography, anthropology and different ways of historical writing – these diverse aspects help us to discover the worlds of pedagogy in different forms of spaces and times. In this case the symposiums, conferences and visitations signify the worlds of pedagogy.
Keywords: history of education, iconography, anthropology, photograph, narrative, educational journals
At the beginning of the 20 century, Hungary qualified as the citadel of gifted education in both its solutions and its results. It appears that today, in contrast, we may become the last disciples of an outdated approach. At the time when gifted education based on mechanic thinking appeared in international research, the outstanding teachers of Hungarian schools described individual attention, practical experience and sound judgment as the essential components in the development of talent. The practical result of this “outdated approach” was a number of Nobel prize-winning talents. There followed then a long break, when even the mention of gifted education was not allowed. In the eighties, as a result, we were a little late in joining in the international trend in the provision of gifted whose essence is the provision of talents identified through assessments. In the meantime, however, the international scientific approach of the 21st century to gifted appears to return to our own approach at the start of the 20th century. A number of research results have set off a scientific debate in Europe. Hungarian gifted education today should thus identify itself amidst conflicting views. The present study provides an overview of gifted education to this end.
Keywords: gifted, identification of the gifted, provision of gifted in Hungary, digital age (more…)
As part of the research aiming to explore the situation of German ethnic primary education both in the state education system and in schools, in the present study the author analyses the available statistical data from the school year 2010/2011. The database of the research was developed based on state education statistical data collection (KIRSTAT) conducted by the Ministry of National Resources. The data collected in previous 149 years are also presented as a comparison. First, an international outlook of minority policy is presented then Hungarian situation is described. The study discusses the changes in the number of participants in German ethnic education in comparison with the number of primary school students, the rate of primary school students taking part in German ethnic education according to educational programmes and the territorial distribution of institutions. An account of the situation of course books is also presented. Further research and better understanding is supported by the use of tables and charts.
Keywords: education, German ethnic primary education, state education, minority policy, educational programmes, financing, educator, school book
Recently new measurement methods have evolved to capture self-regulation as a process, providing valuable new information regarding self-regulatory processes. Shifting deﬁnitions of self-regulated learning have led to changing measurement methodologies, this article aims to present those innovative methods and recent research’s outcomes at international and national level too, which could aﬀect our understanding about the nature of self-regulated learning.
The aim of this study is to provide an introduction to and a comprehensive analysis of a methodological experiment related to the use of electronic book materials in public education. The aforementioned program titled e-Paper in the Hungarian public education system was carried out in 2010. One part of the experiment focused on international research results and experiences related to the application of e-Book equipment in various educational contexts. Inspired by said international results the present essay utilises a previously elaborated research criteria system comparing the applicability of electronic and traditional books, in addition to exploring the ergonomic aspects of e-Books, and their role in supporting the knowledge acquisition process at various levels of instruction, along with examining the use and application of e-Paper readers in educational and library environments. On the whole, considering the results gained in the local context, this study’s primary objective is to perform a comprehensive examination of this unprecedented 2010 pilot project The primary focus ranges from introducing the respective research conditions, criteria, and results via providing an overview of the pertaining international experiences to sharing the main ﬁndings and conclusions.