This paper demonstrates how research on the history of adult education in Hungary has evolved in the last two decades according to major research themes and problem areas, and reflects on distinguished trends and issues of adult education research in the changing historical contexts. Furthermore, the paper underlines some key particularities of the rise and fall of research on the history of adult education in Hungary.
Keywords: comparative research, features of historical research on adult education in Hungary, trends and issues in research and development, andragogy
This paper analyses the possibilities of the adaptation of current research findings and terminology of marketing, innovation and innovation management into adult education. Research based planning and the conscious effort to build the education program selection of adult education institutions on the results of trend analysis can support the effective innovation of these institutions and lifelong learning.
Keywords: adult education, andragogy, trends research, innovation, innovation management
The essay deals with such present-day issues of adult learning as the spread of lifelong learning, the lengthening of the lifespan and working careers, the massification of new communication technologies related to the growing role of visualization in the learning environment and styles. Adult learning can be specifically characterised by its informal character as well as by the fact that the non-formal patterns are especially sensitive to time, which traditionally is a parameter of organizing learning and also a fundamental factor in the different dimensions of adult life. The author points out the new opportunities for visualization significantly improving the efficiency of learning by forming the pedagogical adaptation thesis related to the picture and time philosophy (Nyíri, 2011). The concept of Mind’s Eye approach to visual learning of Ferguson (1991) characteristic of the periods prior the Millennium, seemingly already conservative today, is formed and renewed by the new learning environments, especially the novel information technologies. The author’s essential finding is that recent learning theory efforts (Siemenes, 2012) of formal education-training, thus the connectivist approaches supporting the efficient realization of networked learning can stimulate adult learning and the formation of new forms of visual knowledge sharing.
Keywords: lifelong learning, adult learning, learning theories, learning environment, visualization in learning
This article provides an international comparative perspective on various American adult education programs, characteristics, and combination of personal and situational influences. Fourteen brief sections based on research and practice, each section contains an explanation, examples, and questions to encourage the readers reflections on comparative analysis with adult education in other countries. The article concludes with suggested guidelines for adapting concepts from relevant sections for planning, conducting, and evaluating programs and comparative inquiry about adult education programs and influences, especially related to strategic planning.
Keywords: comparative andragogy, research and practice, proposal of international comparative analysis
By paying tribute to the memory of Ilona Szabadi the present paper provides a comparative content analysis of the Hungarian kindergarten programs developed over the past 40 years with particular attention to core principles and values.
Keywords: Ilona Szabadi, kindergarten education, kindergarten programs
What is the future of the standard non-religious moral education in a multicultural world? Is there an appropriate age to start learning ethics? Is it possible for schools to teach it? Can ethics be more effectively taught as a separate subject or rather by using a multidisciplinary approach? Building on anthropological perspectives the current paper proposes an optimal model of teaching ethics.
Keywords: ethics, education of ethics, anthropology, religious education
Although extensive research has been carried out on Nyugat – one of the leading Hungarian literary journals in the first half of the 20th century – its examination from an educational perspective has remained a relatively unexplored territory. This paper provides an overview of the leading debates on secondary school education from the 1910s to the 1930s published in Nyugat as well as an analysis of the contributions made by several famous literary figures and teachers of the time (such as Mihály Babits, Gyula Juhász, Margit Kaffka, Béla Balázs, Milán Füst, etc.).
Keywords: teacher, literature, Nyugat, education, pedagogy
Service-learning is a pedagogical tool, and this is exactly what differentiates it from voluntary and community services. During service-learning the action for others, for the (local) community is integrated in the pedagogical process, which has a learning aim, a methodology and an educational background. Service-learning has become a compulsory element of the pedagogical programme of Hungarian secondary schools; it is regulated by law and serves a prerequisite for the national school-leaving examination (matriculation). Obviously, this raises several educational, professional and practical issues. Answers to these problems can be searched for and found only in the years to come, but American and previous Hungarian practices, methodology and present dilemmas can be analysed and addressed now. This is the purpose for which this study has been undertaken.
Keywords: service-learning, experiential learning, John Dewey, reflection, democratic skills
The current paper explores the relationship between general music education characterized by the use of perceptual and receptive approaches and school music education, which is mainly based on the traditions of music training and involves a predominately scientific approach. By analysing the problems caused by the inconsistent choice of aims and instruments of the above mentioned territories, the paper provides an overview of the history of concert-pedagogy, presents various conceptions on audience development – and on concert-pedagogy itself, which can be defined as the development of the receptive skills. Finally, the paper discusses the possible forms and organizational frameworks of the cooperation between educational and cultural institutions. The main issues raised by this article are the need for cooperation between schools and cultural services, as well as the importance of a paradigm shift in the approach to school music education. The author advocates the emergence of the concert-pedagogical attitude in schools, and the development of music teacher training in this particular field.
Keywords: music education (concert-pedagogy), development of receptive skills, music mediation, audience development, music experience, music education and training
This paper examines the extension and application of core ideas of constructivist education to the whole process of upbringing with particular focus on ethical education and the acquirement of values. The constructivist view of learning is applicable to all aspects of socialization and education, if learning is understood in a wider sense. The acquirement of ethical ideas and values – the development of personality in general – is described as the construction of personality. The paper briefly presents the views of social and “moderate” constructivism, and compares these with the theses of radical constructivism, which are discussed more in-depth. The paper also explores the interpretation of “truth” and “adaptivity”, since the latter is closely related to the processes of ethical education as well as to the construction of values, the processes of construction, the provability of the expectations of society, and the role of schools and teachers. Furthermore, the paper presents how constructivist ideas have emerged or been overshadowed in ethical education since September 1, 2013 in Hungary. The paper also maps the possibilities of constructivist pedagogy in the course of upbringing by examining the prevailing principles of conceptual changes, the substantial role of structures developed earlier, and the principle of context.
Keywords: upbringing, ethical education, constructivist pedagogy