The Hungarian model of teacher’s career path has four grade based on teachers’ activities. Creating the new master teacher level with leader profile has indicated a new type of profession in the system of public education. This research focuses on reflectivity and managing role of master teachers with leader profile, whom earned their master teacher status during the pilot period of the implementation of the new teacher appraisal system. 813 teachers’ documents were analyzed (general and partial plans) as well as the contents of professional career paths and summarizing analysis and the content of reflections (N=119). The results described in this paper draw our attention to that the reflective thinking of managing master teachers’ does not support the change of their pedagogical or managerial culture. Reflective thinking is not a cognitive strategy for them. Reflectivity helps only solve their daily problems instead of supporting long-term, adaptive problem solving and strategy making. According to the results of the research 3 types of manager role can be described. The executing manager type is the most dominant.
Keywords: reflection of leaders, Hungarian master teacher level, content analysis
Our objective is to reveal the multifaceted causes of inequality of opportunity in entry-level students, as well as the utilization of equity pedagogy measures in order to reduce or diminish such causes. Equity pedagogy as a pedagogical safety net is an on-demand differentiated additional pedagogical support with the ultimate goal of approaching or reaching equality across the students. The main objectives of this study are to reveal the misfunctioning processes in this endeavour, and to articulate some proposals.
Keywords: inequality of opportunity, opportunity, fair equality of opportunity, equity pedagogy
This study compares the methods of education science research: action research and educational experiments. Their common starting point is the implementation and analysis of a planned effect in education. Besides several similarities and parallels, the most striking difference lies in the basic versus applied research approaches, and in the multiple research cycles which characterize action research. The study describes the nationwide and international publication history and options, and claims that action research may be well implemented in various levels of teacher education.
Keywords: action research, educational experiments, basic research, applied research
In this study, I attempt to analyze the little boy depictions of Béla Czóbel by the method of childhood iconography and try to explore the motifs and typical patterns of history of ideas and child ideas of the relevant paintings. Czóbel (as the „outsider” member of the Eight) was influenced by the socialist and leftish movements and the new views and conceptions about people and child of life reform, therefore one can start the analysis by the conceptions of reform pedagogy, child, child’s study movement and life reform, similarly to my previous study in the Neveléstudomány. The present analysis reveals that the figure of the little boy in Czóbel’s paintings represents the „child messiah” topos from the rhetoric of reform pedagogy, who promises to return to the natural state of origin for people who are burdened by life frames of the civic way of life.
Keywords: iconography, history of childhood, The Eight, Béla Czóbel
In our research, we analyzed the pedagogical programs of Hungarian football academies. In our study, we intended to reveal the pedagogical aspects surrounding the students of football academies. Our previous research revealed that this is an unexplored scientific area, and also considered to be of secondary importance by academies, so its relevance is unquestionable. By document analysis, our research aims were to analyze comparatively the formal and content marks of the pedagogical programs of the academies and to refute or reinforce the experiences gained during the semi-structured interviews with the leaders of the pedagogical and social departments of the academies. Our research revealed that the pedagogical programs of each of the football academies are highly heterogeneous both in form and content, so there is hardly any unity between them. Based on the results of the interview analysis, each of the investigated academies has an educational and social department, several professionals are members of this apparatus, but the interviews confirmed the results of the document analysis. The academies almost always write their pedagogical programs autonomously. It can be an obstacle to strengthen cooperation between the institutions and to foster the unity or the development of quality of the pedagogical work and its professional documentation.
Keywords: football academies, pedagogical program, document analyses, interviews
Our study aimed to explore the institutional environmental factors of the sporting life of some higher education institutions in the Carpathian Basin. In our study, the main research questions were the following: How do the models of institutional effect appear in the field of sports in the examined higher education institutions? Which factors can influence the sports habits of students? International models were used to understand the factors of institutional effect in higher education sports. The study intended to reveal and identify these indicators of the institutional effects and see how they work in the leisure-time and competitive sport of some institutions of higher education in the Carpathian Basin. The relevance of examining students sporting habits and their determinants is supported by the fact that since the time spent in higher education is the last chance for students for practicing any sport activity in an organized manner (Pfau, 2014). Our research conducted structured interviews with physical education teachers and sport leaders in Eastern Hungary (5 interviews), as well as in Upper Hungary (1), Transcarpathia (3), Vojvodina (1), Transylvania (3) and Partium (2 interviews), particularly in higher education institutions comprising minority Hungarians or in those in which a large number of Hungarian students study abroad. The investigated institutions were classified into four types based on their relationship to sport and the role of sport and physical education in the life of the university/college: (1) competition-oriented, (2) community-building through sport, (3) physical education-focused, and (4) physical education-minimizing institutions. In our study, we present the sports and constructed environment of the institutions, their organizational and infrastructural background, and the role of teachers.
Keywords: sports habits, higher education, institutional backgrounds
Several international studies showed the importance of athletic identity among athletes since it may indirectly influence adolescent mental and physical development. There are only a few studies investigating athlete’s identity in Hungary, therefore our goal was to explore the relationships between athletic identity with sociodemographics, sport participation and sport commitment. Participants were 344 adolescent athletes with the age of 16.6 and they completed questionnaires about sociodemographics, sport participation athletic identity and sport commitment. Independent sample t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression analysis were used to analyze our data. In our results, we found that the level of athletic identity differed according to gender, school type, level of competition, and depends on age, time in sport, and the amount of training. Our regression analysis showed that sport commitment had a great role in athletic identity. The Personal Investment – quantity and Enthusiastic Commitment had the greatest impact on the athlete’s identity. Valuable Opportunities, Desire to – Excel – social, Constrained Commitment and Social Support – emotional had a positive significant connection with identity as well. Interestingly, Sport Enjoyment, Desire to Excel – mastery had negative effects on athletic identity, while previous studies highlighted their positive impact on physical activity. We might conclude that, besides internal motivation social impact and constrained reasons of sport participation could influence the athletic identity.
Keywords: athletic identity, sport commitment, adolescent, regression