This study aims to reveal the theoretical interpretations of childhood by focusing on the two thematic aspects
– rooted in sociology – of childhood studies. Those theories that focus on the developmental stages of children, and aim at identifying and describing these phases are called the developmental models of childhood. In the second half of the 20th century, there was a paradigm shift, and the new Emergent Paradigm revealed the importance of social, cultural and historical context in childhood interpretations. The aim of this study is to present that the two paradigms of childhood studies basically frame the social constructions of childhood in the 21st century.
Keywords: childhood studies, dominant paradigm, new sociology of childhood
Developing students’ national identity is a developmental goal in school curricula, however we have scarce in-
formation about students’ national identity. Our study aimed to assess their test performance related to na –
tional symbols, knowledge associated with national identity. National symbols are parts of the national cul-
ture, they are persons, events, places and artworks appearing in historical narratives. We gathered national
symbols form school curricula through several steps and used them to develop a test. Our results showed that
the test proved reliable, students achieved 64.78% on average. Older students performed better, no gender
differences were found. Pupils’ strength of national identity was also assessed. Grade 6 students showed had
weaker identification, no gender differences were found. The connection between test performance and the
strength of identification was also investigated. There is significant connection between the variables, but the
correlation coefficients are low. Test performance is related to students’ satisfaction with their school perfor-
mance indicating that the test assessed knowledge appearing in the curricula. We used computer-based as-
sessment and gathered data about pupils’ test behaviour. No connection was found between test perfor-
mance and time on test, however time is significantly correlated with the general liking of school. This out –
come confirms that time is rather influenced by attitudes then students’ knowledge. Our study is the first step
to investigate the role of school in the process of national identity development.
Key words: elementary school, knowledge assessment, citizenship competence, national identity, com-
Our study is working on a subdivision of a comprehensive research about singing in the original language. First
we give an overview about the language and musical skills of students participating in today’s Hungarian
higher education as soloists are affected by what sociocultural background and how. Then we are going to see
what languages, in what frameworks and how efficiently students study. In the end, we are going to explore how the institutional linguistic trainings relate to the interpretational expectations of singing in the foreign
language. We made the students’ questionnaire in 2017 and processed the results with quantitative tech-
nique. The students from six higher educational institutions were the respondents (N=90). From the anonym
responses a database was created with the help of SPSS 19. Programme, percents and averages were used.
The results of our research justified our presuppositions that refer to the effects of students’ demographical
and social background because these variables (parental education, economic capital, type of the settlement)
essentially form the chances of learning music and languages. In connection with language preferences, ac-
cording to our expectations, we found that the students’ age is a strong determining factor. Students from the
younger age concentrated on studying English. They studied Russian, French and Spanish in a minimum extent
while there are significantly fewer students studying Italian and German for a shorter time. Therefore students’
language preferences are not in accordance with the interpretational expectations of singing in the original
language. As the main body of vocal literature is composed in these languages, its institutional education
would require a more effective development of the language training component of the soloist students’ train-
Keywords: linguistic qualification, musical qualification, students, higher education
The role of local governments in sport has already been emphasized by the European Sports Charta in 1992. They play a significant role in the local sports activity in each country, and this activity is usually planned on the base of surveys and analysis, and it is drawn up in a strategy. In this research we studied the Dutch sports system and the sport strategy of a Dutch town, Leusden. We compared it to eight Hungarian local governments’ sport strategies, and focused on four viewpoints: if these documents contain programs and action plans in general; if they were based on local surveys; whether they deal with top sport activity and if they have ideas about the sport of the disadvantaged communities. We found that the strategies usually deal a lot with top sport, also with the sport of the disabled, but not at all with the poorer people’s sport. There are no local surveys behind them, and they usually specify some actions.
Key words: local governments, sports strategy, sports administration, sports financicing
It seems to be a “health paradox” that people start to worry about their health only when it becomes disturbed. Health nowadays is quite claptrap with many different meanings, still only a few people lives with health-consciousness and cares about their health. In this article we analyse the term “health”, its components and complex approaches, and explore the opportunities of health promotion. Our approach is based on Engel’s bio-psycho-social theory accepting the fact that health is compound and multidimensional. We may resolve the paradox by recognising that factors comprising health are elements of our life-style, and that shaping a health-conscious life style is the responsibility of each individual. It seems a major task of all levels of education to stress and to help forming this. Higher education has an excess role since educated people and especially teachers should serve as good examples and have to promote health education. A recent TÁMOP project has explored the relationship between higher education and health promotion and has provided recommendations for improving health-conscious higher education.
Keywords: health, health promotion, health-conscious education, life-style, higher education
In higher education it is essential to consider the learning habits of the current student population and meet their needs accordingly. Since 2012 we have been researching the changes in the students’ achievements in ’Warm up and conditioning’ resulting from the introduction of a learning support system matched to the needs of the Y generation. In the 2012/13 academic year the test results of the full time students improved significantly due to the manifold application of the co-operative techniques. Students’ participation in the lessons became more active, they displayed more awareness and responsibility. In the 2013/14 academic year we started to use films to support the movement learning in general, and the content learning and assessment in particular. As a result of this the results of the part time students improved significantly. Since 2013 we have been using the Moodle learning platform for communication with the students where we created a practice activity bank in the 2014/15 academic year. This makes it possible for students to practice hundreds of activities in ’Warm up and conditioning’ and especially in the exam period they do tens of thousands of activities in Moodle. With the help of the question bank online testing is available, which gives immediate feedback to students right after they have written their mid-term tests. All of the learning support elements of the action research had a positive effect on the effectiveness of the learning process. We are planning to better exploit the continuous peer interaction which is a characteristic feature of the Y generation.
Keywords: action research, video-supported learning, digital learning support, sports training courses
The question of sport and education or sport and carrier is always important for young people. Several research has been carried out in this topic in recent years. The European Union looks at the dual carrier subject as high priority importance. This study introduces those programs, which support the best young professional sports people in Hungary. Sport schools and Academies provide opportunities for realising the duality of sport and education during elementary and secondary schools. In Hungary, this age group is supported by Herakles program. The central budget provides considerable support for sports schools program and Herakles program. The duality of education and sport is supported on school level, local government level and national level as well by “Good student – Good sports people” bonus. In higher education, there are two main central promotions: “Hungarian Sports Stars Grant Program” and “Olympic Athletes Lifeline Program”. At the end of this study we introduce a few good practice which promote recreational and professional sport in higher education.
Keywords: dual career, sport support, education and sport, recreation in higher education, professional sport in higher education
The aim of the research is to reveal the hidden dimensions of attitudes towards disability with projective drawing tests. Encountering with someone with disability can be an overwhelming experience in which a wide range of intrapersonal conflict can be present. Thus, it is difficult to express these encounters with verbal narratives, especially, because expressing negative feelings and thoughts about disability are against the social norms and rules. Authors studied 116 drawings: they asked different professionals and examined the emerging patterns in the light of related literature. There were different categories established according to the personal engagement of the author of the drawing from the schematic stick-figure to the complex and symbolic narratives. The authors identified many signs associated with different stereotypes of disability, such as social isolation, subordinated, childlike or equal social status, roblem-centered or person- centered approach. Because of the complexity and different layers of a drawing the narrative of the author is necessary to understand the picture. The main benefit of this test for educators and researchers is to providing opportunity to express someone’s attitude towards disability in its complexity and helps to reveal and verbalize hidden or difficult narratives as well.
Key words: projective drawing test, attitude measurement, disability, disability awareness
Within the broad field of disability studies, this paper specifically focuses on the enablers and barriers, students with disabilities face in access to higher education. The paper showcases the Scottish consultation regarding fitness to practice and access to higher education which is substantially different from many practices. The consultation has a special significance because it can be interpreted as a paradigm shift in the practice of providing access for people with disabilities to higher education. The main difference in the Scottish consultation that fitness to practice has been considered as a social barrier in access to higher education. The investigation of fitness to practice focused on the disability equality duties, questioning if it does discriminate against people with disabilities. This paper presents the main elements of the Scottish consultation, including the antecedent of the statutory changes (what has generated the legislative changes) and briefly summarizes the changes of the legislation. The paper includes a brief overview of the Hungarian literature where similar dilemmas have been raised. As a conclusion, the Scottish approach to access to higher education essentially can be interpreted which follows the human-rights based approach to disability, and fundamentally different from the practice commonly used today in most countries, where determination of fitness to practice is essentially based on medical, health-based information (medical model of disability).
Key words: access to higher education, students with disabilities, fitness to practice