The article reveals some aspects of the epistemological discourse that characterized national and international debates on historical knwoledge. One of the results of these debates was the emergence of microhistory. The article gives some examples of the attempts to define microhistory and raises the question whether historians of education have employed microhistory as a way of focusing on educational issues. Furthermore, it analyses a recently written essay on elementary school teachers in the Dual Monarchy to show how microhistorical attitude was used to reveal new pieces of knowledge about the teaching profession in the given era.
Keywords: historical knowledge, microhistory, history of education, elementary school teacher